# Endorsement-Math

## Endorsement Courses for Teachers

Geometry
Area, perimeter, volume, surface area, properties of two and three dimensional figures, points, lines, planes, space, the Pythagorean theorem, transformations, fractals, tessellations, perspective drawings and informal proofs will be covered with respect to Illinois Learning Standard Goal 7 (measurement) and 9 (geometry). Activities and appropriate use of technology will be stressed.

Number Theory
Greatest common divisors, prime factorization, decimal fractions, continued fractions, primes, composite numbers, tests for divisibility, perfect numbers, polygonal numbers, number bases, and patterns in addition and multiplication tables are a sample of the topics covered. (Illinois Learning Standard Goal 6 and related performance descriptors)

Integrated Math and Science
Mathematical concepts such as rates, ratios and proportions, probability and statistics and measurement that support scientific investigation and analysis will provide the focus for this course. Hands-on activities that illustrate the connections be used. (Illinois Learning Standard Goal 8)

Math Methods
This course focuses on instructional activities for middle school departmentalized school curriculum for mathematics. Strategies for diverse communities of learners and the use of technology will be emphasized. .Best Practice. techniques will be modeled for all content areas of mathematics for the middle grades.

Probability and Statistics
Data collection and display, simulations, surveys, probability and elementary statistics will be the focus of this course (Illinois Learning Standard Goal 10)

History of Mathematics
This course will provide a thematic approach to the history of mathematics with emphasis on contributions by noted mathematicians and mathematical societies highlighting women and under-represented populations.

Calculus Concepts for Middle School Teachers
This course will provide an introduction to sequences, series, functions, limits and continuity with applicable connections and activities to the middle school curriculum. Problem solving using graphing and then derivatives, differentials, and their applications. Maximum-minimum problems will also be explored.

Mathematics content-Area standards and Technology Standards from Illinois Content .Area Standards for Educators will be included in all courses as appropriate. Appropriate assessments will be stressed in each course and correlated to Illinois State Performance Descriptors and the ISAT