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Stalking


Stalking

(720 ILCS 5/12‑7.3) (from Ch. 38, par. 12‑7.3)
    Sec. 12‑7.3. Stalking.
    (a) A person commits stalking when he or she knowingly engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific person, and he or she knows or should know that this course of conduct would cause a reasonable person to:
        (1) fear for his or her safety or the safety of a
      
third person; or
        (2) suffer other emotional distress.
    (a‑3) A person commits stalking when he or she, knowingly
      
and without lawful justification, on at least 2 separate occasions follows another person or places the person under surveillance or any combination thereof and:
        (1) at any time transmits a threat of immediate or
      
future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement or restraint and the threat is directed towards that person or a family member of that person; or
        (2) places that person in reasonable apprehension of
      
immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement or restraint; or
        (3) places that person in reasonable apprehension
      
that a family member will receive immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint.
    (a‑5) A person commits stalking when he or she has previously been convicted of stalking another person and knowingly and without lawful justification on one occasion:
        (1) follows that same person or places that same
      
person under surveillance; and
        (2) transmits a threat of immediate or future bodily
      
harm, sexual assault, confinement or restraint; and
        (3) the threat is directed towards that person or a
      
family member of that person.
    (b) Sentence. Stalking is a Class 4 felony. A second or subsequent conviction for stalking is a Class 3 felony.
    (c) Definitions. For purposes of this Section:
        (1) "Course of conduct" means 2 or more acts,
      
including but not limited to acts in which a defendant directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about, a person, engages in other non‑consensual contact, or interferes with or damages a person's property or pet. A course of conduct may include contact via electronic communications.
        (2) "Electronic communication" means any transfer of
      
signs, signals, writings, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectric, or photo‑optical system. "Electronic communication" includes transmissions by a computer through the Internet to another computer.
        (3) "Emotional distress" means significant mental
      
suffering, anxiety or alarm.
        (4) "Family member" means a parent, grandparent,
      
brother, sister, or child, whether by whole blood, half‑blood, or adoption and includes a step‑grandparent, step‑parent, step‑brother, step‑sister or step‑child. "Family member" also means any other person who regularly resides in the household, or who, within the prior 6 months, regularly resided in the household.
        (5) "Follows another person" means (i) to move in
      
relative proximity to a person as that person moves from place to place or (ii) to remain in relative proximity to a person who is stationary or whose movements are confined to a small area. "Follows another person" does not include a following within the residence of the defendant.
        (6) "Non‑consensual contact" means any contact with
      
the victim that is initiated or continued without the victim's consent, including but not limited to being in the physical presence of the victim; appearing within the sight of the victim; approaching or confronting the victim in a public place or on private property; appearing at the workplace or residence of the victim; entering onto or remaining on property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim; or placing an object on, or delivering an object to, property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim.
        (7) "Places a person under surveillance" means: (1)
      
remaining present outside the person's school, place of employment, vehicle, other place occupied by the person, or residence other than the residence of the defendant; or (2) placing an electronic tracking device on the person or the person's property.
        (8) "Reasonable person" means a person in the
      
victim's situation.
        (9) "Transmits a threat" means a verbal or written
      
threat or a threat implied by a pattern of conduct or a combination of verbal or written statements or conduct.
    (d) Exemptions.
        (1) This Section does not apply to any individual or
      
organization (i) monitoring or attentive to compliance with public or worker safety laws, wage and hour requirements, or other statutory requirements, or (ii) picketing occurring at the workplace that is otherwise lawful and arises out of a bona fide labor dispute, including any controversy concerning wages, salaries, hours, working conditions or benefits, including health and welfare, sick leave, insurance, and pension or retirement provisions, the making or maintaining of collective bargaining agreements, and the terms to be included in those agreements.
        (2) This Section does not apply to an exercise of the
      
right to free speech or assembly that is otherwise lawful.
        (3) Telecommunications carriers, commercial mobile
      
service providers, and providers of information services, including, but not limited to, Internet service providers and hosting service providers, are not liable under this Section, except for willful and wanton misconduct, by virtue of the transmission, storage, or caching of electronic communications or messages of others or by virtue of the provision of other related telecommunications, commercial mobile services, or information services used by others in violation of this Section.
    (d‑5) The incarceration of a person in a penal institution who commits the course of conduct or transmits a threat is not a bar to prosecution under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 95‑33, eff. 1‑1‑08; 96‑686, eff. 1‑1‑10.)

(a) A person commits stalking when he or she, knowingly and without lawful justification, on at least 2 separate occasions follows another person or places the person under surveillance or any combination thereof and:

(1) at any time transmits a threat of immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement or restraint and the threat is directed towards that person or a family member of that person; or

(2) places that person in reasonable apprehension of immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement or restraint; or

(3) places that person in reasonable apprehension that a family member will receive immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint.

(a-5) a person commits stalking when he or she has previously been convicted of stalking another person and knowingly and without lawful justification on one occasion:

(1) follows that same person or places that same person under surveillance; and

(2) transmits a threat of immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement or restraint; and

(3) the threat is directed towards that person or a family member of that person.

Cyberstalking

720 ILCS 5/12‑7.5)
    (Text of Section from P.A. 96‑328)
    Sec. 12‑7.5. Cyberstalking.
    (a) A person commits cyberstalking when he or she, knowingly and without lawful justification, on at least 2 separate occasions, harasses another person through the use of electronic communication and:
        (1) at any time transmits a threat of immediate or
      
future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint and the threat is directed towards that person or a family member of that person; or
        (2) places that person or a family member of that
      
person in reasonable apprehension of immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint; or
        (3) at any time knowingly solicits the commission of
      
an act by any person which would be a violation of this Code directed towards that person or a family member of that person.
    (a‑5) A person commits cyberstalking when he or she,
      
knowingly and without lawful justification, creates and maintains an Internet website or webpage which is accessible to one or more third parties for a period of at least 24 hours, and which contains statements harassing another person and:
        (1) which communicates a threat of immediate or
      
future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint, where the threat is directed towards that person or a family member of that person, or
        (2) which places that person or a family member of
      
that person in reasonable apprehension of immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint, or
        (3) which knowingly solicits the commission of an act
      
by any person which would be a violation of this Code directed towards that person or a family member of that person.
    (b) As used in this Section:
    "Harass" means to engage in a knowing and willful course of conduct directed at a specific person that alarms, torments, or terrorizes that person.
    "Third party" means any person other than the person violating these provisions and the person or persons towards whom the violator's actions are directed.
    "Electronic communication" means any transfer of signs, signals, writings, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electronmagnetic, photoelectric, or photo‑optical system. "Electronic communication" includes transmissions by a computer through the Internet to another computer.
    (c) Sentence. Cyberstalking is a Class 4 felony. A second or subsequent conviction for cyberstalking is a Class 3 felony.
    (d) Telecommunications carriers, commercial mobile service providers, and providers of information services, including, but not limited to, Internet service providers and hosting service providers, are not liable under this Section, except for willful and wanton misconduct, by virtue of the transmission, storage, or caching of electronic communications or messages of others or by virtue of the provision of other related telecommunications, commercial mobile services, or information services used by others in violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 95‑849, eff. 1‑1‑09; 96‑328, eff. 8‑11‑09.)
 
    (Text of Section from P.A. 96‑686)
    Sec. 12‑7.5. Cyberstalking.
    (a) A person commits cyberstalking when he or she engages in a course of conduct using electronic communication directed at a specific person, and he or she knows or should know that would cause a reasonable person to:
        (1) fear for his or her safety or the safety of a
      
third person; or
        (2) suffer other emotional distress.
    (a‑3) A person commits cyberstalking when he or she, knowingly and without lawful justification, on at least 2 separate occasions, harasses another person through the use of electronic communication and:
        (1) at any time transmits a threat of immediate or
      
future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint and the threat is directed towards that person or a family member of that person, or
        (2) places that person or a family member of that
      
person in reasonable apprehension of immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint; or
        (3) at any time knowingly solicits the commission of
      
an act by any person which would be a violation of this Code directed towards that person or a family member of that person.
    (a‑5) A person commits cyberstalking when he or she,
      
knowingly and without lawful justification, creates and maintains an Internet website or webpage which is accessible to one or more third parties for a period of at least 24 hours, and which contains statements harassing another person and:
        (1) which communicates a threat of immediate or
      
future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint, where the threat is directed towards that person or a family member of that person, or
        (2) which places that person or a family member of
      
that person in reasonable apprehension of immediate or future bodily harm, sexual assault, confinement, or restraint, or
        (3) which knowingly solicits the commission of an act
      
by any person which would be a violation of this Code directed towards that person or a family member of that person.
    (b) Sentence. Cyberstalking is a Class 4 felony. A second or subsequent conviction for cyberstalking is a Class 3 felony.
    (c) For purposes of this Section:
        (1) "Course of conduct" means 2 or more acts,
      
including but not limited to acts in which a defendant directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about, a person, engages in other non‑consensual contact, or interferes with or damages a person's property or pet. The incarceration in a penal institution of a person who commits the course of conduct is not a bar to prosecution under this Section.
        (2) "Electronic communication" means any transfer of
      
signs, signals, writings, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectric, or photo‑optical system. "Electronic communication" includes transmissions by a computer through the Internet to another computer.
        (3) "Emotional distress" means significant mental
      
suffering, anxiety or alarm.
        (4) "Harass" means to engage in a knowing and willful
      
course of conduct directed at a specific person that alarms, torments, or terrorizes that person.
        (5) "Non‑consensual contact" means any contact with
      
the victim that is initiated or continued without the victim's consent, including but not limited to being in the physical presence of the victim; appearing within the sight of the victim; approaching or confronting the victim in a public place or on private property; appearing at the workplace or residence of the victim; entering onto or remaining on property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim; or placing an object on, or delivering an object to, property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim.
        (6) "Reasonable person" means a person in the
      
victim's circumstances, with the victim's knowledge of the defendant and the defendant's prior acts.
        (7) "Third party" means any person other than the
      
person violating these provisions and the person or persons towards whom the violator's actions are directed.
    (d) Telecommunications carriers, commercial mobile service providers, and providers of information services, including, but not limited to, Internet service providers and hosting service providers, are not liable under this Section, except for willful and wanton misconduct, by virtue of the transmission, storage, or caching of electronic communications or messages of others or by virtue of the provision of other related telecommunications, commercial mobile services, or information services used by others in violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 95‑849, eff. 1‑1‑09; 96‑686, eff. 1‑1‑10.)

Harassment

720 ILCS 135/0.01 - 135/2 Harassing and Obscene Communications Act 720 ILCS 135/0.01 Short Title Harassing and Obscene Communications Act 1957. Amended 1998.

720 ILCS 135/1. Sending obscene messages.

Any person in this State who sends messages or uses language or terms which are obscene, lewd or immoral with the intent to offend by means of or while using a telephone or telegraph facilities, equipment or wires of any person, firm or corporation engaged in the transmission of news or messages between states or within the State of Illinois is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor. The use of language or terms which are obscene, lewd or immoral is prima facie evidence of the intent to offend.

Loyola

Department of Campus Safety
Loyola University Chicago · Phone: 773.508.6039 · Fax: 773.508.6042 · E-mail: asksafety@luc.edu

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