"The United Nations Convention against Corruption and its Review Mechanism"
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, UNODC/DTA/CEB/CSS
The United Nations Convention against Corruption: status, structure and content
Adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 58/4 of 31 October 2003 and having entered into force on 14 December 2005, the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is the first global legally-binding anti-corruption instrument. It provides a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary framework for the prevention of, and fight against, corruption at the national level, as well as for effective regional and international cooperation. With 162 States parties, it has nearly reached universal adherence.
The presentation contains a summary of the substantive content and structure of the Convention, as well as an overview of the institutional framework which was put in place in order to support Member States in strengthening their legal, institutional, and operational capacities to implement the provisions of UNCAC at the domestic level, and to cooperate internationally towards effectively combating the transnational dimensions of corruption.
The UNCAC Review of Implementation Mechanism
The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) was developed as a collective response of the international community to corruption and its effective implementation by States parties is of key importance for rendering anti-corruption measures more efficient and robust, both in the context of domestic criminal justice and law enforcement systems and in the field of international cooperation.
The mechanism which was put in place in 2009 to review the implementation of the UNCAC has a central role to play in the response to corruption and can further promote mutual trust and collaboration among States parties to the Convention. The identification of technical assistance needs and the coordination and joint work for the effective delivery of technical assistance to overcome legal, operational or other barriers to effective action against corruption are integral components of the mechanism and are pivotal to the successful and consistent implementation of the Convention.
The presentation focuses on the procedural framework of the Implementation Review Group, a subsidiary body of the Conference of the States Parties to the UNCAC with a specific mandate to have an overview of the overall review process and the manner that the mechanism for the review of implementation of the Convention functions. In addition, it includes an extensive summary of the preliminary findings and conclusions of substantive nature on the implementation of chapters III and IV of the Convention during the first and second years of the first cycle of the mechanism. It further includes information on the work of UNODC in the field of promotion and implementation of the UNCAC, especially through technical assistance covering all substantive aspects of the Convention.
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