Loyola University Chicago

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Loyola University Chicago

Department of Philosophy

PHIL 309: Classical Modern Philosophy

PHIL 309: Classical Modern Philosophy

The Generic Catalog Description

Study of selected modern philosophers with an evaluation of their principles. Typical authors include Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Hume, Berkeley, Kant.


PHIL 309: Classical Modern Philosophy

Ardis Collins

Descartes begins a new epoch in the history of philosophy when he demands proof for the assumption that thought can know realities outside thought as they truly are. This introduces other questions about how we determine whether knowledge claims are or are not legitimate. For example, which takes precedence in establishing a knowledge claim, sense information or intellectual demonstration? In the process of examining the knowledge issue, early modern philosophy raises many other questions: the status of space and time; arguments for the existence of God; personal identity and self-consciousness; the necessity of natural law explanations vs. the freedom of human beings. This course will focus primarily on the knowledge question and its connection to the personal identity and self-consciousness issue. It will also give some attention to the freedom question. The course addresses these issues by studying selections from the works of Descartes, Locke, Leibniz, Hume and Kant.


PHIL 309: Classical Modern Philosophy

James Harrington

This course surveys the development of philosophical methodology in the period from René Descartes to Immanuel Kant with a particular focus on the relationship between scientific and philosophical developments and their expression in theories of mind and representation. Principle readings will include René Descartes’ Discourse on the Method and Meditations on First Philosophy, Benedict Spinoza’s Ethics, Gottfried Leibniz’s Monadology, David Hume’s Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and Immanuel Kant’s Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics.

Loyola

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